Tag Archives: Rural to urban migration

Why do rural places still matter? – by Gary Paul Green

December 20, 2013


African dirt roadMost countries are rapidly urbanizing. Rural-to-urban migration is often viewed as a means of improving economic opportunities for rural residents. Rural communities have an especially difficult time retaining youth because they often move to urban areas for social and cultural reasons as well. Technological advancements in agriculture have enabled farmers to grow more food and fiber, which has ultimately led to lower prices for urban consumers. This technological treadmill means, however, that fewer farmers are needed to grow more food. The decline in population and employment in rural areas seems to be part of a natural process of development. But this process is not “natural,” and there are reasons to be concerned about the decline of rural communities.


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